Discussion on Consultation Paper on City GDP Measurement Framework

“Dull, inert cities, it is true, do contain the seeds of their own destruction and little else. But lively, diverse, intense cities contain the seeds of their own regeneration, ...

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“Dull, inert cities, it is true, do contain the seeds of their own destruction and little else. But lively, diverse, intense cities contain the seeds of their own regeneration, with energy enough to carry over for problems and needs outside themselves.” – Jane Jacobs

By most accounts, Indian cities exemplify Jacobs’s description of ‘lively’, ‘diverse’, and ‘intense’. There is a greater socio-cultural diversities in our cities with strong forces of assimilation and integration. Collectively, people in Indian cities contribute a far higher share in the country’s GDP than what their share in the national population. More than one study has confirmed the existence of ‘agglomeration economies’. This means that firms and people show higher productivity in cities. By 2050, India is likely to add 416 million population to the world’s urban population vis-à-vis 255 million for China. India’s rural population is likely to come down by a few million during the same period. All of these underline the status of Indian cities as the true ‘engine of growth’. Yet, Indian cities miss one thing that most other engines have – ‘a check engine light’.

In other words, there are very few tractable indicators of the economic activity in a city. The Central Statistics Office (CSO) releases all India GDP data disaggregated by rural and urban areas for selected years. There are a few other estimates available from private agencies and researchers but these are again either aggregate urban estimates, or one-off exercises. The lack of this critical data point has led the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) to appoint a team under Technical Assistance for Smart Cities (TASC) to conduct the following activities:

•Explore the availability of suitable data at the national, state and city level which can be used to
estimate city level GDP;
•Develop a framework to estimate city level GDP based on available data sets; and
•Estimate city GDP and adjust it suitably to reflect spatial productivity differences.

Several stakeholders are expected to benefit from these estimates including policymakers and planners, private sector and citizens and researchers. Policymakers will be able to use this data to plan for future infrastructure investments and raise finances for the same. The private sector will be able to use this data to complement public investment, strategize business decisions. They will also be empowered to identify ‘emerging city economies’ – i.e. future investment destinations, beyond the usual metropolitan suspects. Citizens may use this data to make migration decisions, and academicians and researchers will be able to exploit the data to undertake critical research in urban economics and planning. It would also foster a spirit of competition amongst the cities. Our cities are on a path of prosperity except that the economic progress remains unmeasured. We have made a benign attempt to generate annual city GDP statistics with the release of this framework document while recognizing the fact that it may be challenging.

This consultation paper presents the draft framework developed by the TASC, for city GDP estimation. We would like to invite your feedback/ suggestions/ recommendations on the proposed framework, using the feedback link provided on http://smartnet.niua.org/city-gdp or on MyGov by 31st March, 2019. We look forward to your participation in this journey.

Click here to read Consultation Paper on City GDP Measurement Framework

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Rohit Tiwari Winbrand burhanpur (R k tiwari)'s picture
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Rohit Tiwari Winbrand burhanpur (R k tiwari) 3 hours 59 minutes ago

जीडीपी को तीन तरीकों से निर्धारित किया जा सकता है, सभी को, सिद्धांत रूप में, एक ही परिणाम देना चाहिए। वे उत्पादन (lया आउटपुट या मूल्य वर्धित दृष्टिकोण, आय दृष्टिकोण या अनुमानित व्यय दृष्टिकोण हैं

तीनों में से सबसे प्रत्यक्ष उत्पादन दृष्टिकोण है, जो कुल में आने के लिए उद्यम के हर वर्ग के आउटपुट को पूरा करता है। व्यय दृष्टिकोण इस सिद्धांत पर काम करता है कि सभी उत्पाद किसी न किसी के द्वारा खरीदे जाने चाहिए, इसलिए कुल उत्पाद का मूल्य चीजों को खरीदने में लोगों के कुल व्यय के बराबर होना चाहिए। आय द

KAMLESH TEJLAL GRASIYA's picture
300
KAMLESH TEJLAL GRASIYA 1 day 3 hours ago

if more employment chance in city there is chance of GDP but if any city having unemployment and all are depend on government job and vacancy it is impossible to create better GDP. it is creation family benefits policies by way of job in government sector so job is must but by skill basis not on exam basis. the exam create confusion between ability and selection.

Vishwavir r shriwas's picture
200
Vishwavir r shriwas 1 day 12 hours ago

माननीय श्रीप्रधानमंत्री जी चलाई गई योजना के तहत काफी सारे गरीबों को काफी सारे परिवार को इसका लाभ मिल चुका है आगे भी काफी लोगों को वापस का मिल रहा है हमसे काफी संतुष्ट हैं और आगे भी हम प्रधानमंत्री जी के साथ खड़े रहेंगे

Ravi Somani's picture
200
Ravi Somani 1 day 14 hours ago

continue with previous comment issme chahe manpower and syatem requirement lagegi and cost bhi lagegi but from this i am 100% sure govt. will save more money and expend this money in useful area and in useful employees. And also able to contribute to defence depatment also. Sir mechanism achaa banana h to Youth ko trained karna hoga for nation building ke liye, humble request from Indian Citizen to go into small matter to overcome these issues. Take Strictly action against Wrong thing JAI HIND.

Ravi Somani's picture
200
Ravi Somani 1 day 15 hours ago

Prime minister Shri Narendra Modi ji aj fir ek aur request laya hu please ignore maat krna sir, kuch kadvi baat H pr sach h 1. GOI give more salary govt employees which they even don't deserve because aj School, Police, ya fir aur koi sa bhi department le lijiye sir Har area me koi bhi kaam tarike se nahi hota h, hota h to time bahut lagta h, ya corruption involved h aur bhi kahi reason H. Sir se ek request h ki ek state wise committee form kare jo aapke saare area of department ka review kare.